Before you get started
Take great care when fixing into tiles as there may be hidden pipes or services below the wall
surface. Use a cable, pipe and stud detector to help find safe positions to fix into.
When you have finished a tiling job, it is best to keep a few spares so that if any tiles get damaged
in the future, you don't have to try to find exact matches to replace them with. Tile designs are
often discontinued after a while.
Silicone sealant can be bought in many different colours. White is commonly used because it matches
with white tiles and/ or white sanitary ware. Clear silicone is a good choice when sealing tile
joints next to chrome fittings such as shower enclosures.
A grout reviver kit is another option for dealing with discoloured grout. Depending on the
manufacturer, this is applied with a type of pen or small paintbrush. Excess is wiped away as
Grout cleaner is another product that can be used to remove excess grout from the surface of tiles
for a brighter, cleaner finish.
If you need to remove lots of tiles, the best tools to use are a club hammer and a cold chisel. Wear
goggles to protect yourself from flying debris as well as some thick gloves as broken tiles can be
very sharp. To remove hardened adhesive from wall surfaces, a scraper may be all that is required,
or, again, a hammer and chisel may be necessary. It is also possible to remove some types of
adhesive with a wallpaper steam stripper, as this softens the adhesive, allowing it to be scraped
away. In general, a brief trial of these methods will reveal the best option for the job.
Rake out the old grout along all joints using a grout raker. Take care not to damage the edges of
the tiles when scraping the joints.
Brush out all dust and debris from the joints with a dusting brush, or use a vacuum to make sure
all old, loose material has been removed.
Mix up or apply ready-mixed grout to all joints, pressing firmly in place with a grout float.
Work grout in all directions along each joint.
Remove excess grout with a clean damp sponge. Keep checking for any small holes in the grout and
refill if necessary.
Just as the grout begins to harden use a grout shaper down the joints. Allow to dry and polish
with a dry cloth to remove any residue.
Replace a broken tile
Scrape round the edge of the damaged tile with a grout rake, taking care not to damage the edges
of the sound tiles.
Drill a number of holes in the damaged tile with a masonry bit. Use a bolster and club hammer to
loosen sections of the broken tile.
When you have carefully removed all sections, piece by piece, scrape off as much of the old
adhesive as possible from the wall surface.
Apply fresh tile adhesive to the new tile and position with spacers to maintain gaps for grout
and to line up the new tile with adjacent tiles.
Once dry, remove the spacers and grout the joints. Remove any excess grout from the wall surface
using a damp sponge.
Resilicone a joint
Scrape away the old seal along the bath/sink/shower edge using a window scraper. Brush out all
dust and debris. A vacuum is also ideal.
Apply a length of masking tape to either side of the joint. Cut the end of the silicone tube
nozzle to a width slightly wider than the joint.
Load the silicone into the cartridge gun and apply along the joint slowly and evenly, trying to
keep the bead to a consistent size.
Smooth the silicone bead between the masking tape lengths with a wetted finger to maintain a
consistent and smooth depth.
Carefully remove the masking tape on either side of the fresh sealant. Smooth along the joint
with a wetted finger once more for a perfect finish.
Fix into a tile
At a safe fixing point, mark position of fixing requirement with a felt tip. Position masking
tape over the mark to stop the tile bit slipping.
Insert the correct size of tile bit into the cordless drill/driver, according to the size of the
fixing. The bit size will be written on its side.
Slowly start up the drill (not on hammer mode) allowing gradual penetration of the tile surface
until you are through the tile.
Remove masking tape. If fixing into a masonry wall, change the bit for a masonry bit and drill
through hole in tile to wall plug depth.
Insert a wall plug – not required if wooden stud behind. Drill further holes as required
for the fixing. Position and screw your fitting in place.