Order Line 0330 123 4123
Order Line 0330 123 4123
Whether you have collected this leaflet along with a new Wickes door, or have picked it up in your store prior to choosing a door, it is hoped that the information which follows will be helpful to you. The overall purpose of the leaflet is to give you guidance on the selection of a door, hanging it, fitting door furniture, glazing where necessary, and treating it so that it gives years of service.
PLEASE NOTE that the correct treatment and weather proofing of exterior doors is critical and failure to follow instructions in this leaflet and elsewhere will lead to guarantees being invalidated. This does not affect your statutory rights.
Wickes have been selling doors for over 35 years and have steadily built a reputation for quality and value amongst both the Trade and public. We now sell over 1 million Doors a year, which makes us one of the biggest suppliers in the UK. Our scale means we can offer products with the quality of a specialist supplier but at prices everyone can afford.
We always aim to stock the most popular styles and sizes in our stores across the country, so you should find the one to suit your home. Glazed doors can allow light into darker parts of the house whilst heavier panelled doors will help cut down the transmission of sound and heat from room to room. Pick up a Doors Brochure or go Online at www.wickes.co.uk for the full range.
When deciding on a new door, whether it is internal or external, always buy one that fits in with the style of your property i.e. modern, traditional, town, country etc. As a rule of thumb, clean, simple lines suit a more modern style, whilst an older or traditional house needs a more classic style, usually with some embellishment.
Timber is a great choice for both external and internal doors. It has a character and feel that is only found with a natural product but choose with care and match the type of door to the use it will have. Timber doors should be hung as soon as possible after buying or delivery. If you can’t, then they should be stored flat in a cool, dry area.
Never store timber near new concrete, plaster and other sources moisture and do not exposed to direct sunlight or heat. Leaning them against a wall for extended periods could cause them to distort.
NOTE: The protective packaging should not be removed until you are ready to treat and fit the door.
The most popular size of interior door is a 1981 x 762mm (78 x 30”) size and we stock this in every style. We also stock up to four further sizes, dependent on the style. All interior doors are 35mm thick, apart from Fire doors, which are 44mm.
The most popular exterior (front door) door size is 1981 x 838mm (78 x 33”). We stock this size in all styles as well as 762mm (30”) and 813mm (32”) sizes in the most popular styles.
All timber doors can be trimmed to size, how much will depend on the door but typically this will be about 10mm in total.
The basic techniques for hanging a door are the same for interior and exterior types, the only major difference being that an interior door is generally cut height wise in order to open freely over carpeting or other floor coverings whereas an exterior door is cut to fit between the head (top) and sill (bottom) of the frame. An interior door frame does not have a sill.For the purpose of this leaflet the fitting of an exterior door is described in most detail.
The first job to be done is to have a good look at the existing frame. With an exterior replacement particularly, there is no point in fitting a new hardwood door into an old, perhaps rotting, frame with a well worn sill. Nor will an attractive natural hardwood door look good in an old painted softwood frame. Fitting a new hardwood frame is, therefore, advisable and matching pre-treated hardwood frames are available from Wickes for their 6’ 6” x 2’ 6”, 6’ 6” x 2’ 9” and 6’ 8” x 2’ 8” exterior doors, fitting into brickwork openings of 6’ 10” x 2’ 10”, 6’ 10” x 3’ 1” and 7’ 0” x 3’ 0” respectively with a little clearance all round.
When these frames are used and correctly installed, the doors will often prove to be a perfect fit with no cutting to size required but timber tolerances may lead to some shaving being necessary for a perfect fit. Installation of a new frame is described later. To find out which door size you require when using an existing frame, simply measure the opening rebate in the frame, both height and width, or the size of the present door. Purchase a new door of suitable size bearing in mind that the new door may initially be slightly oversize. External doors can be reduced in height and width. This must be taken off equally ie a maximum of 13mm off each edge. Refer to manufacturer's instructions.
Flush doors can be reduced less than veneered timber doors. On flush doors you should not remove more than 5mm from any side. If you remove more than these amounts you will seriously weaken the structure of the door leading to warping or twisting. Under these circumstances your guarantee will be invalid. Always check door labels for details on trimming.
You’ll also need to purchase new hinges and other door furniture, if required. Brass, Chrome, Stainless Steel or Brushed Steel furniture is recommended on all exterior doors and interior hardwood ones. When you have all the materials on site, the old door can be removed. This must be done with care to avoid damaging the frame especially around the hinge housings. Open the door at 90° to the frame and put wedges under it to support it.
This will often break the grip of the rust and the screw can be extracted. Remove the screws holding the bottom hinge first, then all but one of the top set. Only remove this last one when sure you can support the door adequately. Taking care not to damage the timber around the hinge housing remove the door and put aside. It will have to be temporarily replaced later. If it was a good fit in the frame it can be used as a template for the new door if this has to be cut. This is particularly valuable if the frame is badly out-of-square and the new door has to be unusually shaped to fit. Offer the new door into, or at least against, the opening to check the fit. If you are lucky it will slot into the opening perfectly with a clearance of about 2mm all round.
NOTE: On flush doors only, an equal amount should be taken from the top and bottom, not all from the bottom. Note that exterior carved doors with glazed panels are always fitted so that the glass is installed from the inside of the house. When measuring prior to cutting ensure that the door is the right way round. This is particularly important when the door is longer on one edge than the other.
When the excess has been removed reposition the door with the hinge stile (the vertical section of the door frame which will be fitted with the hinges) tightly up against the hinge jamb (the vertical part of the frame on the side where the hinges will be). Note that with flush doors there will sometimes be a stamped mark on one edge, or the top of the door, indicating the position of the built-in lock block. The edge opposite this mark is the hinge stile. With an assistant holding the door in place from the inside, mark a line using a soft pencil down the outside face of the door where it touches against the locking jamb.
Remove the door again and measure from the hinge stile to the mark on the locking stile. Deduct 4mm from this measurement. This will give you the correct finished width of the door. Now, cutting equally from each edge, remove the excess timber with a plane. When planning a flush door on the stamped lock block edge, always make a note on the face of the door perhaps using adhesive tape to indicate the position of the lock block before planing off the stamped mark.
Repeatedly reposition the door in the frame to ensure that you do not plane off too much timber. When the door fits with a clearance of 2 mm at each side all the way down, the cutting is almost finished.
Cutting the hinge housings is the next job. For hardwood exterior doors and glazed interior doors, you will need to use three 100mm brass hinges. These should be fitted 230mm from the top and bottom of the door and in the centre but if the existing hinge housings on the frame are to be used again, then measuring is not required. Simply check that the new hinge screw holes are correctly aligned with the old holes.
A weatherbar should also be fitted to the outside face of the door to throw rainwater off. Run a length of masking tape across the door with the bottom edge where the top of the weatherbar will be. Run a bead of All Purpose Silicone sealant along the edge of the weatherbar then screw it in place and smooth off to a concave finish. Remove the masking tape immediately. See diagram above.
A new hardwood door must then be treated with at least one coat of Wood stain on all cut surfaces paying special attention to the top and bottom edges. Lock and hinge housings should also be base coated as should any glazing rebates and holes for letterplates.
No timber should be left untreated. When this has dried the entire door should be given three coats of Wood stain. It is very much easier to apply these treatments to the door before it is finally hung and it ensures that it is well protected before having to face the weather.
Failure to treat any exterior door before it is hung will lead to the absorption of moisture which will cause the door to swell and perhaps even become distorted. Never forget the top and bottom edges.
The sooner it is treated the better and the treatment should be the same on both sides of the door. If you use a microporous finish on the outside, you must do the same on the inside.
When the Wood stain has dried the door can be hung again with all hinge screws being driven in.
Once the door is hung locks or latches and the other furniture can be fitted. For security reasons it is recommended that a front door should be fitted with
(a) a cylinder rim lock,
(b) a 5-lever mortice deadlock to BS 3621 for use when the house is unoccupied and
(c) a security chain or door viewer. A back door should have a mortice sashlock to BS 3621 fitted along with two security rack bolts.
No locks should be cut into doors in line with any centre or off centre horizontal mid rail since this will weaken the joint possibly causing separation of the joint and a breakdown in the surface protection. Such action will invalidate your guarantee.
If an outward opening door has been fitted, with the vulnerable hinge pivots accessible to an intruder, a pair of Wickes hinge bolts should be fitted to prevent the intruder lifting the door out of the frame after removing the hinge pins. All locks are supplied with full fitting instructions.
If necessary, the glazing of doors is carried out only when the door has been hung. This is to make the door lighter to handle and reduces the risk of the glass being damaged.
The use of putty for the glazing of decorative doors especially those which are not to be painted is not recommended. It can be difficult to obtain a putty which matches the colour of the door and many people find it difficult to use putty and obtain a neat finish.
A timber glazing bead used with our gun applied all purpose silicone sealant is a far better way of achieving a professional finish to your glazing work and Wickes supply a matching glazing bead for their doors.
Like the hardwood doors, this glazing bead is pre-treated with a base coat. It is available in 2.4m lengths. Some doors are supplied with pre-cut beads. Whilst waiting to hang the door you should cut the glazing beads to size with mitred ends for each glass opening. Once cut, the bead ends should be treated with two coats of Wood stain and then all faces treated with a finishing coat of your choice.
To fit the glass, apply a bed of the sealant to the rebate upstand. The bed should be about 4mm thick all round. Press the glass into position, centrally in the opening against the sealant, compressing this to about 3mm thick.
The use of these blocks is essential when fitting Wickes clear bevelled edge glass to ensure that the bevelling remains equally aligned around each pane.
Apply more sealant to the face of the glass around the perimeter, again about 4 mm thick, then fit the pre-cut glazing bead. This should be pushed firmly against the sealant to compress it. Pin the bead in place with 25mm panel pins. Do not pin within 50mm of the end of each piece of bead since this could cause it to split. Punch the nail heads below the timber surface. In-fill the resulting hollows with a matching filler or sealant.
As mentioned earlier it will often be necessary to fit a new door frame as well as a new door. This is a relatively straightforward process and begins with measuring the existing brickwork opening dimensions to check that one of Wickes hardwood frames, complete with a sill, will fit. The necessary brickwork opening dimensions were given earlier but it should be stressed that those dimensions do give about 9mm clearance, so that the frame can be set squarely.
Remove the old door and discard it. The old frame was probably installed in one piece when the house was built and will have to be cut out in sections.
Start by sawing through both side jambs at an angle. Insert the end of a crowbar or similar lever behind the cut jambs and lever them away from the brickwork and separate them from the head and the sill.
Cut through the head and sill in similar fashion and remove them. You may find that the head extends into the brickwork at each end and the sections will have to be pulled out. The resulting holes cannot be used again and should be filled with a cement mortar mix.
Remove all the old nails left in the brickwork and clean up the opening, chopping away any mortar fillets.
Check that there is a damp proof course fitted directly below the level of the old sill. If this is damaged it must be replaced. If no damp proof course is in place, fit one.
Assemble the new frame knocking the mortise and tenon joints firmly home. Use a waterproof wood adhesive on the joints and screw them together. Only cut the sill if it is too long to fit into the space left by the old one.
Note that Wickes Hardwood frames can be used for inward or outward opening doors, simply by locating the jambs the correct way round on the sill. Exterior doors should open inwards.
Insert the assembled frame into the opening. Fit wedges under the sill to push it up against the lintel. Use a spirit level to get the sill perfectly horizontal. Use more wedges to get the jambs upright. Use a spirit level repeatedly to check the vertical alignment.
Avoid siting any fixings where the door hinges are to be situated but do have at least one fixing just above or below the intended position of the lock keep for extra security.
Hang the door before covering the screw heads with a matching wood filler and before making good around the frame. This will enable minor frame positioning adjustments to be made if required.
Use a cement mortar mix to fill in the space under the sill and an exterior sealant around the jambs and the head.
- Constructed using a solid wood core and an extra-thick (3mm), premium-quality, real oak veneer
- 24mm double-glazed sealed units with toughened (to BS6206 Class A) and weather-tested (to BS6375 Part 1) safety glass
- High security locks and extra locking drop bolts are included
- Double-sealed weather seals keep the worst of the British weather outside
- Reversible left or right opening doors
- Thermally insulated and fully compliant with Part L of the Building Regulations
- FSC certified to ensure long-term timber supplies whilst protecting the environment
- A unique top-hung roller system means door is less likely to jam or stick. Patented set adjusters make adjusting to the correct positioning a simple task
- Majority of components are factory pre-drilled for ease of assembly
Wickes Folding Patio Doors can transform your home and increase its value. The doors are constructed using the very best quality materials. Each door is built with a solid wood core and an extra-thick, premium-quality, real oak veneer. They’re also double-glazed with toughened, weather-tested safety glass.
SIZES: 6, 8, 10, 12, 14 & 16ft approximately. Metric sizes and pictures are available at: www. wickes.co.uk NOTE: Fitting and installation instructions are also available as a pdf. at: www.wickes.co.uk. This will allow you or your builder to be ready for delivery, saving you time and money.
WEATHER PROTECTION: The doors and frames have premium grade weather seals, with every door and frame double sealed, front and back, to prevent draughts and water ingress. The bottom of the frame has a unique timber and aluminium combination sill design, incorporating an aluminium sub-cill for optimum drainage. With the timber sill incorporated, the door-sets have been weather tested to BS6375 Part 1.
STRENGTH & SAFETY: The doors and frames are made from engineered timber, including a laminated hardwood core, which provides added stability and reduces twisting, bowing, warping and splitting.
The doors comply with Building Regulations (Part L) and have a thermal rating 1.9 W/m2K. This helps to keep your home warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer, and also helps lower the carbon emissions from your property. The door-sets feature 24mm thick Pilkington K Low E Glass Double Glazed Units, tempered to the latest standards - BS EN 12600 and BS EN 12150.
“Tempered” means that the glass is up to five times stronger than standard glass and, for safety, if smashed, it exhibits similar properties to a car windscreen, breaking into small pieces.
SECURITY: Each access door has a high security, 3-point locking system, which is engaged by lifting the handle and locked with a turn of the key in the Euro cylinder. The door-sets incorporate internal drop bolts in between each folding ‘leaf’, which slide up and down into the timber of the frame. The bottom bolt always locks for increased security.
TROUBLE-FREE INSTALLATION: Each door set includes a comprehensive, step-by-step instruction booklet. The majority of components are pre-machined for ease of assembly - the only machining required is to fit the door handles. All holes are either pre-drilled or clearly marked where the folding/sliding door hardware fits. The doors themselves are fully machined and pre-sized to the required specification.
Whilst every care has been taken to ensure that the product design, descriptions, specifications and techniques of construction are accurate at the date of printing. Wickes products will inevitably change from time to time and the customer is advised to check that the design, descriptions, specifications and techniques of constructing any of the products described in this leaflet are still valid at the time of purchase or placing an order.
© Wickes Building Supplies Limited 2009
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be produced or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise or stored in any retrieval system of any nature without the written permission of the copyright holder and the publisher.