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A room should be well ventilated when you are painting. Have windows open to provide a good flow of fresh air.
Before starting work, try to remove as much furniture from the room as possible.
Anything that is left should be covered with dust sheets to protect from overspray, drips and dust.
Surfaces should be well prepared before painting. Holes should be filled and all surfaces sanded and cleaned down. All-purpose filler can be used in walls, ceilings and wood. Alternative fillers are also widely available to meet special requirements, such as specific wood fillers or fine surface fillers.
Bare wood must be primed before further coating.
Emulsion paint for walls and ceilings can be applied direct to old painted surfaces, once cleaned and sanded, with two coats normally being required. For bare plaster the same system applies. For bare plasterboard (drylined surfaces), you must apply a primer/sealer to the surface before coating with emulsion.
Always try to start painting windows at the start of the day, so that they can be left in an open position to dry thoroughly before closing them again at night, thus preventing them from sticking.
When estimating paint quantities, it is best to be guided by your chosen paint manufacturer’s guidelines.
A light sand with a fine grade of sandpaper between coats of paint will provide the best finish.
Use the right brush type for best results. Pure bristle brushes for solvent based paint (like gloss) and synthetic bristle brushes for water based paint (like emulsion).
If painting the whole room, start with the ceiling first, then the walls and then doors, windows and skirting.
If a wall has minor surface imperfections such as lines between remaining emulsion paint and bare plaster that cannot be sanded down to a smooth edge, hang lining paper before repainting.
When stopping for a break, or even overnight, wrapping rollers and brushes in cling film will prevent them from drying hard. This reduces the need for repetitive cleaning of tools mid job.
On a ceiling/wall, it is not vital to roll first and then cut in shown, or cut in first and then roll. The secret of a good finish is to keep a wet edge ie make sure the ‘cut in’ area is still wet when you join to the rolled area or vice versa. This is why it is best to paint one wall at a time.
Ceilings and walls mostly require two coats of paint. For wood, if you are finishing with gloss, first paint on a coat of undercoat, before applying the topcoat of gloss. If you are finishing with eggshell or satin on wood, simply apply two coats of the chosen finish.
Radiators may be painted (while off and cold) with either eggshell (for amatt finish) or undercoat and gloss for a shiny finish. Any rusty areas must be primed with a metal or all-purpose primer first. When this is dry, the finishing paint may then be applied. Using a mini roller will get the best finish.
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