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A room should be well ventilated when you are painting. Have windows open to provide a good flow of fresh air.
Before starting work, try to remove as much furniture from the room as possible.
Anything that is left should be covered with dust sheets to protect from overspray, drips and dust.
Surfaces should be well prepared before painting. Holes should be filled and all surfaces sanded and cleaned down. All-purpose filler can be used in walls, ceilings and wood. Alternative fillers are also widely available to meet special requirements, such as specific wood fillers or fine surface fillers.
Bare wood must be primed before further coating.
Emulsion paint for walls and ceilings can be applied direct to old painted surfaces, once cleaned and sanded, with two coats normally being required. For bare plaster the same system applies. For bare plasterboard (drylined surfaces), you must apply a primer/sealer to the surface before coating with emulsion.
Always try to start painting windows at the start of the day, so that they can be left in an open position to dry thoroughly before closing them again at night, thus preventing them from sticking.
When estimating paint quantities, it is best to be guided by your chosen paint manufacturer’s guidelines.
A light sand with a fine grade of sandpaper between coats of paint will provide the best finish.
Use the right brush type for best results. Pure bristle brushes for solvent based paint (like gloss) and synthetic bristle brushes for water based paint (like emulsion).
If painting the whole room, start with the ceiling first, then the walls and then doors, windows and skirting.
If a wall has minor surface imperfections such as lines between remaining emulsion paint and bare plaster that cannot be sanded down to a smooth edge, hang lining paper before repainting.
Cracks along corners and joints between walls and skirting are best filled with a flexible filler (caulk), using a cartridge gun. Make this the last job you do before painting as you can’t sand caulk.
There are job-specific paints available for more specialist requirements, such as floor and radiator paints, metal and tile paints.
Paint always sticks best to clean surfaces, so take a little time to remove old dirt and grime with a sugar soap solution before rinsing with clean water.
Dust sheets made from cotton, or plastic disposable ones, are best for covering surfaces that you wish to protect from overspill. Carefully cover all surfaces before beginning work.
Vinyl gloves are a good way of keeping paint off your hands, which makes cleaning up at the end of the job quicker and easier.
Hold small brushes by the ferrule (the metal section below the bristles)for comfort and control. For larger brushes it’s generally easier to grasp the handle.
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